Getting a positive STD testing result can be striking and disappointing. Luckily, the ways of dealing with STDs are well-known and effective. This page summarizes the most common STDs, explains what to do after the test, and describes potential lasting outcomes.
Types of STDs
There are several dozens of different infections that can be sexually transmitted. Generally, they are classified according to the cause of the disease:
- Bacterial. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis
- Viral. Genital herpes, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Parasitic. Crab louse, trichomoniasis
The good news is that the vast majority of STDs can be cured. Even those caused by viruses often won’t interfere with the normal life course if treated timely and properly.
At the same time, all types of STDs (even asymptomatic) pose a massive threat to health if left unattended. Severe consequences include infertility, types of cancer, and deadly pregnancy complications like ectopic pregnancy. So what should be done after being diagnosed with an STD? Let’s find out.
A Сourse of Action After the Testing
Here we have a plan of three essential steps for dealing with an STD.
- Visit a medical specialist to devise a treatment plan
Modern-day antibiotic treatment is the most common and successful way of treating STDs. Bacterial and parasitic infections like syphilis, chlamydia, or trichomoniasis can be cured completely with the right set of medicaments prescribed by the doctor. At the same time, there is no reliable alternative to antibiotic treatment — self-medication or ignoring the symptoms is extremely dangerous. It is also crucial to complete the prescription even if the improvements are visible.
Unfortunately, viral infections are way more difficult to get rid of. Today, diseases like genital herpes or HIV can not be eliminated directly by drug treatment. In the best-case scenario, the immune system can develop a reliable defense mechanism and eventually overcome the illness. However, more often than not, long-term suppressive therapy is required to keep the virus at bay. Given prescriptions are very detailed and include antiviral drugs, nutritional supplements, and recommendations for safe sexual activity and pregnancy.
- Notifying a partner
It is an extremely important step that must never be neglected. Even past sexual partners are at risk of having the same STD, so it is strongly recommended to notify all partners one has had in the past three months. Yet, putting a partner’s health at risk can eventually lead to far more demeaning consequences, so communication is still the key.
The time after which the second test is required depends on the type of the disease, and the doctor will mention it (often, it is three months). It is helpful to set a reminder not to miss the date.
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Today, most STDs can be healed without long-lasting consequences. However, timely testing and visiting a specialist are required to avoid potential complications. If an STD can not be cured, a person would require a detailed treatment plan devised by a specialist. Living with an STD can be difficult and may need additional psychological support, but modern treatment can allow most patients to enjoy a fulfilling sexual life even after a diagnosis.
Need an STD Test in Miami?
Whether you have STD symptoms or want to do screening before entering a sexual relationship, time and precision are essential. Alliance Health offers reliable testing for all common STDs and delivers results in the shortest time possible. STD testing by Number One Lab is your solution to protect your intimate health, avoid detrimental consequences of unnoticed STDs, and protect your partner.